Tuesday 21 February 2023

How does the thinking of a one-year-old child work?


Just up to the age of 3-4 years, the world of the child himself and the world around him are united and not separated from each other. Parents or educators are only part of this world, they are not recognized as having their own feelings, any interests, or their own life in general. If an adult has disappeared somewhere for a while, he is temporarily “crossed out” to some strange place “work”, or “business”.

  His whole Universe is so far what he himself sees, feels, and fantasizes. The range of his interests is outlined only by what is connected with him personally. Even spatial orientation for him is applicable only in relation to himself. That is, all these “above”, “under” and other “from above - from below” are perceived by the child only in relation to himself, otherwise the baby simply will not learn the meaning of these words. Otherwise, he is not yet able to understand.

Any means of “intrusion” into the reality of the child by adults with the aim of “doing good” will be perceived by him as one of the “events of his world”, and not as a dialogue with a “different mind”. Until he conceives it as a dialogue with some separate entities, this is still ahead.

At this age, the child's world is similar to a kind of closed, transparent sphere, all knowledge about what is happening outside this sphere is limited to the information that the baby receives when the child "rolls" this sphere with him in space, colliding with some objects or obstacles. . Out there, some people are doing something, trying to talk about something, but it's certainly entertaining and nothing more. In the world of a child, as you understand, at this moment there is only one person - this is himself. Of course, if the action "outside" was strong enough, it is certainly taken into account, but taking into account only that separate reality in which the baby now lives.

Another important feature of the child, unlike an adult, he does not know how to distinguish reality from fiction. He does not separate objective reality from dreams, imagination, or fantasies. The real and the unreal will be intertwined in the mind of the child inseparably. There are no clear boundaries between what is fantasy or imagination and what is or can be reality. This is all the same reality for him. This period of fairy tale and reality, two in one, lasts up to 6 years. Only after six will he be able to distinguish between this and that.

You can read about the features of children's thinking from Professor Vygotsky L.S.

Source: https://expertology.ru/chemu-mozhno-nauchit-rebenka-v-1-god/

Как устроено мышление ребенка первых лет жизни?

Как раз до возраста 3-4 лет мир самого ребенка и мир вокруг едины и не отделены друг от друга. Родители или воспитатели — это только часть этого мира, за ними не признается наличие собственных чувств, каких-то интересов, вообще собственной жизни. Если взрослый куда-то исчез на время, отлучился он временно «вычеркивается» в какое-то странное место «работа», «дела».

 Вся его Вселенная – это пока то, что он сам видит, чувствует и фантазирует. Круг его интересов очерчен только тем, что связано с ним лично. Даже пространственная ориентация для него применима только по отношению к нему самому. То есть все эти «над», «под» и прочие «сверху – снизу» воспринимаются ребенком только по отношению к нему самому, в противном случае малыш просто не усвоит значение этих слов. Иначе он, пока, не способен понимать.

Любые способы «вторжения» в реальность ребенка со стороны взрослых с целью «причинить благо» будут восприняты им как одно из «событий его мира», а не как диалог с «иным разумом». Пока он не осмысливает это как диалог с некими отдельными сущностями, это еще впереди.

В этом возрасте мир ребенка похож на некую замкнутую, прозрачную сферу, все знания о том, что происходит вне этой сферы ограничены теми сведениями, которые малыш получает при «перекатывании» этой сферы вместе с ним в пространстве, сталкиваясь с какими-то объектами или препятствиями. Там снаружи, какие-то люди что-то делают, о чем-то пытаются говорить, но это конечно занимательно и не более того. В мире ребенка, как вы понимаете, на этот момент есть только один человек – это он сам. Конечно, если действие «снаружи» было достаточно сильным в учет оно безусловно принимается, но с учетом только той отдельной реальности в которой сейчас живет малыш.

Ещё одна немаловажная особенность ребенка, в отличии от взрослого он не умеет отличить реальность от вымысла. Он не разделяет объективную реальность от снов, игры воображения, фантазий. Реальное и нереальное будут переплетены в сознании дитя нераздельно. Не разделены четкими границами то, что является фантазией или игрой воображения и то что есть на самом деле или может быть реальностью. Это все пока для него единая действительность. Этот период сказки и реальности, - два в одном, длится аж до 6 лет. Только после шести он сможет проводить границу между тем и этим.

Об особенностях детского мышления можно почитать у профессора Выготского Л.С. 


Tuesday 1 March 2022

Why I love you so much


My dear friends! 

Today I would like to share with you my latest class with very young children. I called this "I love you", because it encourages our children to be more loving, empathic, and caring. 


You can try this Pawer Point class for free by clicking the link below. 


Wednesday 22 April 2020

Play dough instructions for parents (first approach to salty dough)

Dear parents!

It is visual instruction for parents to approach salty dough with your children. Salty dough has a long history, but now it is common in every home where are young children as a Plasticine, any type of clay or actually Play dough. dough is my favourite because it is everything in one box - math, language, logical thinking, science and art. Moreover, it is amazing activity which engage children and parents to spend time together. Video is 22 minutes long, so get one hour your spare time to create with your child something very special.

Wednesday 15 April 2020

Salty dough the easiest way to sculpture.

My dear friends! This post on how you need to prepare for our next activity. Unlike the previous activity, there is no dangers, so the task of parents is to prepare materials, tools and just follow my next post!
So, be ready to have on your working table:
- flour in the container (to easily get it);
-water, in a bowl with a wide neck (to easily get it);
- fine table salt, any brand;

- any measuring container (it can be a measuring cup, coffee cup - remember it might be dropped and broken - do not give your favourite, a small container for dressing, any container is about 100-150 grams)
- a bowl and a spoon (mix ingredients);
- a board for modelling (any cutting board, you can use half of the plastic binder);

-tools: plastic knife, spoon, fork, table knife (not sharp, so it will be safe for your child), school scissors, convenient for the child, rolling pin for the dough;

- paper napkins or towels;
-good mood (very important😊)
Be prepared that something may mess or spill and remind the child that this is his or her activity, but you, of course, will help clean it up.
Through this activity we will learning concept of full, half filled, count, manipulate, expand logical and cognitive thinking.
Please read or tell you anything about weals:

 and here too.

Please, print or draw for your child recipe 

Thursday 9 April 2020

Are you ready to decorate eggs?

My dear friends! We can start online session in a convenient time but you should be prepared for master class.So you need:


Colouring solution + container  to dip eggs in solution;
Wax crayons (my students found out that Crayola works the best);
Candle on the plate or tray;
Stick with head pin in it;
Good to have loop to manage egg in colouring, but you can use a spoon for it;

First, and for youngest children may be used plain stick thin and ticker, if you have a pin with ball just push it in stick on top. Nail instead pin also works.

And, last but not least - warmer for wax.
Today, I was so exited to see that my students made it very easy:

Fill up the jar with water ( it will be more stable), and fix one or two spoons on top with tape. Than more spoons you fixed on top than more colours of wax you can melt.
Arrange warmer as showed on the picture and light candle. Put few small pieces of wax crayon in spoon and explore how it melt in a spoon. Wax should not boil, just melt.

When wax melted dip the stick in a wax and make a dots on the eggs. If possible use different colours of wax. wait until wax completely dry and dip the egg in liquid colouring. Keep few minutes, take out and dry with paper towel.